2 edition of Land tenure and livestock development in Sub-Saharan Africa found in the catalog.
Land tenure and livestock development in Sub-Saharan Africa
John William Bennett
Bibliography: p. ref-1-ref-27.
|Statement||by John W. Bennett, Steven W. Lawry, James C. Riddell ; Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison.|
|Series||A.I.D. evaluation special study -- no. 39.|
|Contributions||Lawry, Steven W., Riddell, James C., United States. Agency for International Development., University of Wisconsin--Madison. Land Tenure Center.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiii, 159, ref-27 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||159|
Trends in livestock production and livestock systems evolution a The increasing demand for livestock products Human population in is estimated to be 9. Women perform most tasks on their plots from sowing, weeding to harvesting, and may get some assistance from men in clearing and preparing the land for cultivation. Herd size is no longer governed by collective controls operating in consonance with physical factors, but by the search for individual gain, commercial opportunities, and the like. Given that donor funding accounts for the largest share of expenditure on agriculture and natural resource management in most SSA countries, econometric analysis showed that donor funding reduces the cost of land degradation.
There is also some evidence that the roles of men in subsistence agriculture were traditionally somewhat greater in many regions before the period following the introduction of additional New World crops from the Americas such as plantains, maize, and cassava. The project includes funds for the strengthening and buildup of these services. However, SSA still experiences high deforestation. In developing countries, it is evolving in response to rapidly increasing demand for livestock products. The distinction between crops is sometimes not very clear especially in the case of maize which is a staple crop in several Sub-Saharan African countries as well as a cash crop.
He earned his Ph. The land would be sold in the meantime, and the government obliged to evict the preexisting occupants. The most important aspect of this material concerns the institutions of grazing associations and grazing cooperatives. As a major dissertation adviser to graduate students, he has successfully directed 20 students, 5 at PhD level.
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That is, this half-million head represented the prime commercial beef herd of Kenya, used mainly for export sales. Commonwealth Forestry Association CFA What we do We are reminded on a daily basis that the natural environment in which we live is vitally important for our well-being, whether it is in the form of climate change, global warming, declining fertility or dwindling natural resources.
Land shortage is common among women. Illiteracy hampers their access to and ability to understand technical information. The associations emerged over the past 40 years and were fitted into the Somalian system of village and district local government. Fourth, newer approaches to Land tenure and livestock development in Sub-Saharan Africa book development of pastoralism have come to recognize that the animal industries of African countries are in an awkward transitional stage.
In contrast to certain older traditional and indigenous staple food crops like yams or millet which tended to, and continued to be, grown mainly by men or with more male involvement sometimes grown along with, varying by region, supplementary food crops often grown with more female involvement such as cocoyams or sometimes riceNew World crops were often grown with more female involvement.
Land tenure and livestock development in Sub-Saharan Africa book sentiment was especially acute in Matabelelandwhere the legacy of the Southern Rhodesian Land Apportionment Act was more disadvantageous to black Zimbabweans than other parts of the country. Women farm smaller and more dispersed plots than men and are less likely to hold title, secure tenure, or the same rights to use, improve, or dispose of land.
The other half were on rangeland, and about 2. The guerrillas forcefully presented their position that white-owned land in Zimbabwe was rightfully theirs, on account of promises made to them during the Rhodesian Bush War.
In the past decade, probably more research and conference activity have been devoted to African livestock than to any other agricultural sector for the continent, and our perceptions of pastoralism have altered in several important respects.
In the sixteenth century, Portuguese explorers had attempted to open up Zimbabwe for trading purposes, but the country was not permanently settled by European immigrants until three hundred years later.
This effort is facilitated by the accompanying diagram, Figure 1. With guaranteed land tenure, property owners can expect a number of benefits. Output and income control[ edit ] In Sub-Saharan Africa both women and men are responsible for selling the cash crops along with some help from other household members.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Fast-track land reform has not been implemented in line with these principles and we cannot support it. Ndebele monarchs acquired large swaths of land for themselves accordingly.
Figure 1 indicates two major overall consequences: first, a general drift toward entrepreneurship, such as the move toward individual or kin-group "ranching" which often results in exclusion of small herd owners from the system.
On an average, they tend to be small in size, have lower incomes and be less likely to adopt technology. Livestock systems have both positive and negative effects on the natural resource base, public health, social equity and economic growth World Bank She said that the UK did not accept that Britain had a special responsibility to meet the costs of land purchase in Zimbabwe.
The livestock sector is increasingly organized in long market chains that employ at least 1. These same safeguards tend to slow down development and reduce animal yield to safe, but relatively low, levels not in accord with national objectives.
By the s, it was clear that basic research needed to be done, and, in effect, a fresh start on the livestock development problem is being made. Such growth has been driven by increasing consumer spending, investment in extraction of natural resources and infrastructure, a rapidly growing services sector, and increased agricultural productivity World Bank With the recent expiration of the Millennium Development Goals, the United Nations has unveiled its new Sustainable Development Goals, central to which is the goal of ending hunger, allowing nations to focus on their economic and social development.
Pastoralists in many parts of Africa continue in varying degrees to use animals as wealth and continue to produce animals to finance socioceremonial activities; but at the same time, they are capable of participating in commercial markets when the conditions are right and the needs are apparent.
Whereas Zimbabwe was the world's sixth-largest producer of tobacco in in it produced less than a third the amount produced in Competition for resources and climate change are treated very briefly: other reviews address these issues comprehensively.
For example, Mugisha and Jacobson observed that seven community-based protected areas CBPA management in Uganda had significantly lower bush burning, logging, and encroachment than nine other protected areas without local community involvement.Land Tenure and Administration in Africa: Lessons of Experience and Emerging Issues Lorenzo Cotula Camilla Toulmin particularly an earlier study on land tenure in West Africa prepared for the FAO, as well as on other Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, land is a fundamental issue for economic development, food security and poverty Cited by: Land tenure and livestock development in Sub-Saharan Africa book 27, · Land-use intensity has increased in some places: cereal yields have trebled in East Asia over this time, while yields have increased not at all in sub-Saharan Africa, for example.
Land-use change is complex and driven by a range of drivers that are regionally specific, although it is possible to see some strong historical associations between Cited by: Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative A Living from Livestock Research Report 1 RR Nr.Feb.
Livestock Policies, Land and Rural Conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa Ugo Pica-Ciamarra, Joachim Otte, Pius Chilonda Abstract The paper proposes a pro-poor policy framework to .We analyse user-perspectives pdf land tenure transformation and pastoralists’ rights in Ngamiland, Botswana, so as to draw out the salient issues that must be addressed in order to reconcile pastoral tenure conflicts and land management in sub-Saharan tjarrodbonta.com by: 3.Get this from a library!
Strategies and tenure in African livestock development. [Brent M Swallow; University of Wisconsin--Madison. Land Tenure Center. Tenure Issues in Natural Resource Management in Sub-Saharan Africa.].Africa (ECA) undertook a study in / on ebook Impacts of Land Tenure on Food Security and Sustainable Development, with the following objectives: a) To improve the current understanding of the linkages between land tenure sys-tems, food security and .